MBBS MS MD PG Direct Admission in Rama University MEDICAL COLLEGE 2015 mbbsadmission15
Course Code- 101
The MBBS course at Rama University is the most advanced. Our four and a half years MBBS is followed by mandatory internships each year. Throughout the duration, the course follows semester system where each semester is of six months.
The course gives in-depth knowledge on all the three phases, namely Pre-clinical, Para-clinical and Clinical Phase. The subjects that fall under these phases are as below:
PHASE SEMESTERS SUBJECTS COVERED
Pre-clinical 1 – 2 : Two Semesters Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology
Para-clinical 3 – 5 : Three Semesters Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine
Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology,
Clinical 6 – 9 : Four Semesters Postings in wards, OPDs to begin here;
Community Medicine, Medicine and allied Subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology); Obst. Gynae.; Pediatrics; Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics); Clinical postings;
Eligibilty & Duration
50% PCBE in 10+2
4.5 years +1 year Internship
SEM 1 & SEM 2
Visceral and motivational system
EEG, sleep and higher nervous functions
Nerve and Muscle
G.I.T. and Metabolism
Metabolic pathways, their regulation and metabolic interrelationships
Food assimilation and nutrition
pH, Buffer, physiological buffer systems
Environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers
Protein fractionation, denaturation, separation of proteins and amino acids
Colour reactions of amino acids and proteins.
Estimation of blood analytes: glucose, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol, uric acid, electrolytes, urea.
Cerebrospinal fluid analyses.
Gastric juice analyses.
Amniotic fluid analyses.
Enzymes:amylase, lactate dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase
Liver function tests
Renal function tests.
Gel electrophoresis of DNA
Immunodiffusion techniques, RIA and ELISA
Case-oriented discussions (enzymes, metabolites, function tests)
SEM 3, SEM 4 & SEM 5
FORENSIC MEDICINE & TOXICOLOGY
Clinical forensic medicine
Preparation of a Medico-legal report of an injured person due to mechanical violence
Preservation and despatch of the exhibits in a suspected case of poisoning.
Estimation age of a person for medico-legal and other purposes.
Conduct & prepare postmortem examination report in a case of suspected poisoning and to preserve & dispatch viscera for chemical analysis
Conduct & prepare postmortem report in a case of death due to violence of any nature – road accident, fall from height, assault, factory accident, electrocution, burns & accident due to any other cause, fire arm injury, asphyxia, natural death & medical negligence. At least 10 postmortem reports should have been written by the student.
Demonstration, interpretation and medico-legal aspects from examination of hair (human &animal)fibre, semen & other biological fluids
Demonstration & identification of a particular stain is a blood and identification of its species origin.
Identification ABO & RH blood groups of a person
Examination & drawing opinion from examination of skeletal remains.
Identification & drawing medico-legal inference from various specimen of injuries e.g. contusion, abrasion, laceration, firearm wounds, burns, head injury and fracture of a bone .
Identification & description of weapons of of medicolegal importance commonly used e.g. lathi, knife, kripan, axe, gandasa, gupti, farsha, dagger, bhalla, razor & stick
Description of the contents and structure of bullet & cartridges used & medico-legal interpretation drawn
Estimation of age of foetus by postmortem examination.
Examination & preparation of report of an alleged accused in a rape/unnatural sexual offence
Examination & preparation medico-legal report of a victim of sexual offence/unnatural sexual offence.
Examination and preparation of medico-legal report of a drunk person
Demonstration of the common instrument used in analysis of poision & DNA profile – TLC,GLC,AAS
Identification & drawing of medico-legal inference from common poisons e.g. Dhatura, castor, cannabis, opium, aconite copper sulphate, pesticides compounds, marking nut, oleander, Nux vomica, abrus seeds, snakes, capsium, calotropis, lead compounds & tobacco.
Examination & preparation of a medico-legal report of a person brought for medical examination in cases pertaining to police, judicial custody or referred by court of law and violation of human rights as requirement of NHRC.
Identification and drawing of medico-legal inference from histopathological slides of Myocardial infraction pneumatics,tuberculosis, brain infract, liver cirrhosis,brain hemorrhage,bone fracture,pulmonary odema,brain odema,soot particles,diatoms and wound healing.
Introduction to Microbiology
Introduction to Bacteriology
Bacterial Staining and Cultivation
Common Tests for Bacterial identification
Introduction to parasitology
Introduction to Virology
Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection
Introduction to Mycology
Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections
Collection of Transport of Samples
Bacterial AND Viral Genetics
Immunity to infection
Sterilisation and disinfection
Bacteriology of water and air
Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites
1. Microscopyand micrometry2. Direct demonstration of bacteria by staining3. Motility tests and biochemical tests for bacterial identification4. Laboratory diagnosis of viral infections
5. Laboratory diagnosis of fungal infections
6. Sterilization and disinfection
7. Stool examination for cysts
Infections of gastrointestinal tract (contd.)
Infections of liver & lymphatics
Infections of the respiratory tract
1. Stool examination for intestinal nematodes and cestodes2. Enterobacteriaceae3. Laboratory diagnosis of E.coli infection and shigellosis4. Laboratory diagnosis of cholera
5. Laboratory diagnosis of food poisoning
6. Laboratory diagnosis of filariasis
7. Laboratory diagnosis of upper respiratory infections
8. Laboratory diagnosis of lower respiratory tract infections
9. Laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis
10. Laboratory diagnosis of UTI
11. Laboratory diagnosis of wound infections
12. Laboratory diagnosis of anaerobic infections
Pyrexia of Unknown origin AND OTHER FEBRILE ILLNESSES
Central Nervous system Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
1. Laboratory diagnosis of malaria2. Laboratory diagnosis of leishmaniasis3. Laboratory diagnosis of enteric fever4. Laboratory diagnosis of meningitis
5. Laboratory diagnosis of STD Entomology
1. General Pathology
Introduction to Pathology
Amyloidosis and Calcification
Inflammation and Repair
Growth Disturbances and Neoplasia
2. Systemic Pathology
Urinary Tract Pathology
Pathology of the Gastro-Intestinal Tract
Liver and Biliary Tract Pathology
Identify and interpret the gross and/or microscopic features of common disorders as given above.
Perform with accuracy and reliability basic haematological procedures such as haemoglobin estimation, total and differential WBC count and peripheral blood smear staining, examination and report
Calculate the indices and interpret the relevant significance
Perform the basiclaboratory haematological tests like bleeding time and clotting time
Perform a complete examination of the urine and detect any abnormalities.
Grouping and cross matching of blood
Collect and dispatch clinical samples from patients in a proper manner
Interpret abnormal biochemical laboratory values of common diseases
Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Gastrointestinal and respiratory system
Experimental pharmacology exercise on isolated organ
Experimental exercise on pharmacy
Spotting exercise – Identify the commonly used items in Pharmacology
Exercises on drug interactions
Concepts in Community Health
Bio-statistics in Health
Behavioural sciences & their relevance to Community Health
Natural history of disease and levels of prevention
Measuring the burden of disease in community
Culture, habits, customs and community health
Health problem associated in urbanization & industrialization
Health situation in India
Family and its role in health and disease
Measuring vital events in community
Health seeking behavior – barriers to health
Health Planning in India
Collection of vital statistics in the community
Epidemiology as a tool for community health
Collection of data – sampling methods, sample size
Community organization in rural and urban areas – community participation
Environment and community health
Survey methods and interview techniques in community Health
Attitudes : development and measurement
Water and community health
Analysis of quantitative data
Designing interview schedules – KABP studies
Air and community health
Probabilities and conditional probabilities
Socio-economic measurement status and its role in community health
Analysis of qualitative data
Normal distribution, Bi-nominal distribution & poison Distribution
Medico-social problems, beliefs and practices related to acute and chronic diseases
Tests of significance of statistical hypothesis
Indoor environment and health
Human sexuality; sex and marriage counselling
Introduction to nutrition and nutritional problems of India Introduction to Family Health Advisory Service and approaching the families in Community – 1
IEC & Health Education Strategies
Measurement of Nutritional Status of Community Introduction to Family Health Advisory Service and approaching the families in Community – 2
Health Education Tools & Audio-visual aids
Nutritional requirements & sources
Planning & evaluation of Health Education Programmes
Food Hygiene, Food Adulteration & Food poisoning
Introduction to Maternal & Child Health
Protein energy malnutrition, growth monitoring & promotion
Infant & Child Mortality
Breast feeding & weaning & Baby Friendly Hospitals Breast feeding promotion
High risk strategy & risk factors in pregnancy & child birth
Nutrition Programmes in India
Food habits, customs related to pregnancy, child birth & lactation
Causation & association
Reproductive and Child Health Programme
Case – Control Studies
Health care of special groups : Adolescents & School Children
Cross sectional studies
Health care of Aged
Interventions trial in community
Screening methods in community
Population dynamics : Demographic cycle, demographic transition
Working environment and community health
Demographic trends in India.
Family planning methods : spacing methods
Health hazards faced by agricultural workers
Family planning methods : permanent methods
Industrial toxic exposures
Fertility & fertility related statistics
Prevention of occupational diseases & ESI
National Family Welfare Programme – I
Life tables and life table techniques for evaluation of family planning methods
National Family Welfare Programme – 2
National Population Policy
6 SEM, 7 SEM, 8 SEM & 9 SEM
ANAESTHESIOLOGY Preanesthetic Clinic : 1
Preoperative evaluation & optimization
Intensive Care Unit
Emergency On Call
Dynamics of disease transmission and control
Immunity, Herd immunity, Immunization schedule routine & specific, Immunization : active & passive
Disinfection, disinfectants, disposal of infective material, concurrent & terminal disinfection Surveillance : Active, Passive, Sentinel and International Health Regulations
Introduction to management : Planning, Management & Evaluation Epidemiology of tuberculosis & control programme
Health services organisation
Epidemiology of Malaria & Control Programme
National Health Policy : Concepts of Health Care, Primary Health Care Epidemiology of Leprosy and Control Programme
Functions of Primary Health Centre : Health care team training & supervision Epidemiology of Filariasis & Control Programme
Voluntary agencies & International Health agencies Epidemiology of Diphtheria and Pertussis & Control Programme
Health Resources Management : Personnel and Material Epidemiology of tetanus/ tetanus Neonatorum & Control Programme
Introduction to Health Economics
Epidemiology of poliomyelitis & control programme
Epidemiology of Typhoid & Control
Epidemiology of Diarrhoeal Diseases and Control Programme
Epidemiology of Measles, Mumps, Rubella & Control
Epidemiology of re-emerging diseases : Plague, Yellow Fever, Influenza, Meningococcal Meningitis
Epidemiology of re-emerging diseases : Dengue, J. E., Encephalitis, KFD Epidemiology of Rabies & Control
Epidemiology of Chicken Pox & Control, Small Pox Eradication
Epidemiology of Helminthic and Protozoal Infections and Control (Hookworm, Round worm, Amoebiasis, Guinea worm)
Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Diseases including AIDS & Control
Demographic and Epidemiological Transition in India
Epidemiology and Control of Blindness
Epidemiology and control of cancers with Special reference to cancer of cervix and breast cancer, tobacco related cancers, lung cancer, head and neck cancer
Epidemiology and Control of Accidents
Epidemiology and Control of Cardio Vascular Diseases
Epidemiology and Control of Diabetes Mellitus
Urban Health Posting during the IV and V Semesters
Family Health Advisory Service (FHAS) during IVth & Vth Semester MBBS
Rural Posting during the VII Semester
DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY
Ineffective dermatoses: Pyoderma, tuberculosis and leishmaniasis- Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatmen
Infective dermatoses: Viral and fungal infections- Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
Infestations: Scabies and pediculosis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
Melanin synthesis: Disorders of pigmentation (Vitiligo, Chloasma / Melasma)- Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
Allergic disorders: Atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
Drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema multiforme, Steven’s johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
Vesiculo-bullous diseases: Pemphigus, Pemphigoid, Dermatitis herpetiformis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment.
Epidermopoisis, Psoriasis, Lichen planus and Pityriasis rosea – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
Pathogenesis, Classification and clinicalfeatures of leprosy, Reactions in leprosy.
Diagnosis, treatment and control of leprosy
Syphilis – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment
Gonococcal and Non-gonococcal infections – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment.
Chancroid, LGV, Donovanosis, Herpes progenitalis Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and treatment.
Syndromic approach to the diagnosis and management of sexually transmitted diseases.
HIV infection, Cutaneous manifestations of HIV infection and their management.
Hereditary disorders: Ichthyosis, Albimism, Epidermolysis bullosa, Melanocytic naevi, Freckles and other naevi – Etiology, Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment.
During the MBBS training period the students have about 3 weeks clinical postings in the OPD (Out Patient Department), speciality clinics and ward in their 7th semester training period. They have the clinical teaching and demonstrations of all the common skin diseases sexually transmitted diseases, leprosy and common skin emergencies during this period. They also have about a week’s orientation clinical posting during their 3rd semester training period to familiarize them with the history taking, clinical examination and cutaneous lesionsDemonstrationThe cases with diseases like acne vulgaris, scabies, pyoderma, pediculosis, fungal infection of skin, alopecias, sexually transmitted diseases, auto immune diseases, bullous disorders, papulosquamous disease etc. are demonstrated and discussed during the posting period.,/
Nutritional and metabolic disorders
Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance
Critical care Medicine
Pain management and palliative care
Specific environmental and occupational hazards
Immune response and Infections
Specific Infections – Epidemiology, clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prevention of :
System-Based diseases1. Cardiovascular system3. Kidney and genitourinary system5. Diseases of the pancreas
6. Liver and Biliary tract disease
4. Gastrointestinal tract
2. Respiratory system
Endocrinology and Metabolism1. Thyroid gland3. The parathyroid glands5. The endocrine pancreas and gastrointestinal tract
6. The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland
4. The adrenal glands
2. The reproductive system
Disorders of the immune system, connective tissue and joints
OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOG
Contraception, Neonatology and Recent Advances
4th semesterduring this posting the students are expected to acquire competence in history taking and examination of the obstetfics and gynaecology patient.6th & 8th semesterthe students are expected to gain increasing competence in making a diagnosis and planning the management of the patient.In OPD
Semester 5th1. Microbiology in relation to eye2. Pathology in relation to eye3. Pharmacology in relation to eye
4. Symptomatology in Ocular disorders and their Pathogenesis
5. Ocular involvement in systemic diseases
1. Disorders of the Lid
2. Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus
3. Conjunctivitis & Ophthalmia Neonatorum
4. Trachoma & Other chronic conjunctivitis
5. Keratitis and corneal ulcers
6. Corneal ulcer
7. Scleritis & Episcleritis
8. Refractive Errors & Method of correction
9. Presbyopia, accommodation convergence
10. Congenitial cataract
11. Senile cataract
12. Metabolic & complicated cataract
13. Primary Angle closure glaucoma
14. Congenitial glaucoma
15. Primary Open angle glaucoma
16. Secodary glaucomas
17. Anterior uveitis
18. Posterior uveitis
19. Blindness prevalence, prevention & rehabilitation
1. Retinopathies, Hypertensive, Toxaemia & Pregnancy
2. Diabetic Retinopathy
3. Retinal Detachment, types, symptoms & pre-disposing factors
4. Endocrine ophthalmology
5. Retinal vascular disorders
6. Retinoblastoma & other ocular neoplasms
7. Binocular vision amblyopia & concomitant squint
8. Nutritional disorders
9. Incomitant strabismus
10. Visual acuity, pupillary path ways & cranial nerve palsies
11. Optic nerve lesions
12. Ocular emergencies (Traumatic)
13. Ocular emergencies (Non-Traumatic)
14. Minor ophthalmic surgery
15. General principles of Intra ocular surgery
16. National programme for control of blindness
17. Comprehensive eye care in rural set up
18. Eye banking & ethics in ophthalmology
1. Trachoma2. Entropion / ectropion3. Pterygium4. NLD block / Dacryocystitis
5. Conjunctivitis / allergic / acute
6. Corneal ulcer
9. Angle closure glaucoma
10. Scleritis / episcleritis
11. Dark room
12. Refractive errors & presbyopia
13. Cataract – senile
b. Post operative
14. Basic sciences (Microbiology, Pharmacology, Pathology)
15. Investigative lab. I
16. Investigative lab. II
17. Casualty & minor O.T. I
18. Casualty & minor O. T. II
19. Open angle glaucoma
21. Corneal opacities
22. Ocular injury
23. Perforating / concussional injuries
24. Amaurosis fugax
25. Diabetic retinopathy
26. Hypertensive retinopathy
27. Anemic and other retinopathies
28. Indirect ophthalmoscopy
30. Concomitant squint
31. Paralytic squint
32. Surgical Instruments
33. Main O.T. I
34. Main O.T. II
35. Main O.T. III
Oral cavity and oropharynx
The clinical training would consist of1. two classes on introduction to the clinical aspects of ENT including proper Ear , Nose and throat examination2. Bed side teaching and case discussion on common ENT conditions like CSOM, Deviated Nasal septum, Nasal polyps, Cancer larynx etc3. Orientation to commonly used ENT instruments and X-Rays in ENT practice
4. Exposure to commonly done OPD procedures like nasal packing , ear packing, cautery etc
5. Exposure to selective operative procedures like tracheostomy, tonsillectomy , septoplasty, Nasal polypectomy etc
Growth and development
Gastro Intestinal Tract
Central Nervous System
Pediatrics Surgical Problems Therapeutics
Preventive Otology and head & neck cancerIV/ V Semester1. Taking a detailed Pediatric history2. Conducting physical examination of children
3. Understanding normal growth and development
4. Performing anthropometry and its interpretation
5. Developmental assessment of a child
6. Assessment of calorie/ protein intake and advise regarding feeding practice
7. Immunization schedule and administration
8. Evaluation and management of common OPD conditions
9. Medical conduct during patient examination
1. Emphasis on Pediatric history taking, physical examination, anthropometry and assessment of growth and development
2. Care of normal newborn at birth and lying in ward
3. Counseling for breast feeding/ infant feeding
4. Evaluation and management of common fluid and electrolyte problems
5. Evaluation and management of common conditions related to Infectious diseases, Adolescent pediatrics, Respiratory tract, GI tract and Cardiovascular system.
Introduction and classification of Psychiatric disorders .Concept of psychiatric disorders; need for classification; types of classification e.g. atheoretical symptom – based; introducing the Inter national Classification of Diseases ((ICD) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM); major categories of psychiatric disorders; diagnosis of organic disorders.
Aetiology of Psychiatric disorders
Overview of contribution of different scientific disciplines to psychiatric aetiology – clinical descriptive studies, epidemiology, social sciences e.g. role of life events, stress; genetics; biochemical studies; pharmacology; endocrinology; physiology; neuropathology; psychology.
Epidemiology, clinical features, subtypes, diagnosis, overview of aetiology, course, treatment – pharmacological, role of ECT.
Epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, overview of aetiology, course, treatment – pharmacological.
Epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, overview of aetiology, co-morbidity with organic disorders, course, treatment – pharmacological.
Anxiety neurosis, phobia and OCD
Types of anxiety disorders; phobia, OCD, clinical features and epidemiology; diagnosis, differential diagnosis; overview of aetiology; course; treatment – pharmacological and non-pharmacological.
Hysterical neurosis (Conversion and Dissociative disorders)
Epidemiology, clinical picture, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, aetiology, prognosis, treatment.
Concept of personality disorders, epidemiology, classification, assessment, overview of clinical features, aetiology, prognosis.
Drug and Alcohol dependence
Concept of abuse and dependence, epidemiology of alcohol and opiate dependence; clinical features, withdrawal symptoms including complicated withdrawal, psychosocial complications, aetiology, outcome, treatment.
Psychiatric disorders of childhood and adolescence,
Classification of childhood psychiatric disorders, epidemiology, clinical features, aetiology, assessment.
Counselling and psychological therapies
Counselling process, skills, different counseling approaches, behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy and its applications.
What are psychological tests, standardization, reliability, validity, intelligence test, personality test, application.
SURGERY1. Skin: ulcers and wounds, wound infections, burns, skin infections (boils, carbuncle, abcess), cysts (epidermoid cyst, dermoid),skin tumors(basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma).2. Head and Neck region: congenital anomalies (cleft lip, cleft palate, branchial cyst and fistula, thyroglossal cyst) swellings of parotid and submandibular glands, oral ulcers, leukoplakia, submucous fibrosis, lichen planus, common jaw tumors, squamous carcinoma of oral cavity, pharynx & larynx. Thyroid swellings (adenomatous goitre, Graves’ Disease, papillary and follicular thyroid cancer).Swellings of lymph nodes (tuberculosis, lymphoma, metastatic carcinoma)3. Arteries: Features of limb Ischaemia, noninvasive vascular diagnostic tests, obliterative atheromatous disease, aneurysms, Raynaud’s syndrome, arterial emboli.
4. Veins: varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis , pulmonary embolism.
5. Breast: mastalgia, ANDI, fibroadenoma, cyst, breast abscess, cancer of the breast.
6. Oesophagus: dysphagia, reflux, hiatus hernia, benign and malignant tumours.
7. Stomach and duodenum: Peptic ulcer- stomach and duodenum, carcinoma of the stomach, gastritis.
8. Small intestine: Small bowel obstruction, intestinal tuberculosis.
9. Colon and rectum: Amoebic colitis, Ulcerative colitis, colorectal cancer.
10. Appendix: Acute appendicitis.
11. Anus: Haemorrhoids, Pruritus ani, Fissure-in-ano, Anorectal abscesses, Fistula-in-ano, cancer of the anus.
12. Peritoneum and intraperitoneal abscesses:peritonitis.
13. Liver: Hepatic trauma, abscesses, cancer.
14. Biliary tract: gall stone disease, carcinoma of the gallbladder.
15. Pancreas: Acute panacreatitis, pancreatic cancer.
16. Acute abdomen
17. Hernias of the abdominal wall: Inguinal hernias, femoral hernia, umbilical and epigastric hernia.
18.Urology: Diagnostic studies and techniques in the urinary tract, trauma to the urinary tract, urinary calculi, urinary tract infection, prostatic hyperplasia, tumours of the kidney, epididymo-orchitis, hydrocele, tumours of the testicle, carcinoma of the penis
3rd – 4th Semester
The art and science of history taking, general evaluation of overall health; basic principles of examination of a lump; examination of hernia, hydrocoele and abdomen; examination of breast; examination of head and neck; evaluation of wounds, ulcers and sinuses.5th Semester
posted in the Out-patient surgical department6th Semester
The MBBS course prepares learners to diagnose and manage common health problems of individuals. With respect to the common health problems, all the students at primary, secondary and tertiary levels are competent to practice preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative medicine. Along with the practice medical ethics, expertise in domain, students are capable of performing duties in hospitals or engage in self-directed learning for a lifetime.
Admission is through Rama University Entrance Test (RUET) and by appearing for a formal interview, after submitting all documents and verifications.
MBBS fee is Rs. 9,95,000/- per annum
There is a refundable security deposit of Rs. 1,50,000 also, along with the annual fee.